Ancient Empire Vessel

This type of Egyptian merchant ship is one of the oldest known (2500 to 3000 BC). It is recognizable on numerous bas-reliefs, with very specific characteristics, such as its foldable bipodal mast, its sail made of linen or papyrus, its shell stitched in cedar of Lebanon, or else in local Sycamore or Acacia which Did not allow boards more than two meters long. These deep-sea boats differed from those of the Nile by adopting a solid rope stretched between the front and the back, acting as a keel. These ships also had a quarter-deck with six "rudders", in fact differently handled paddles, the ancestor of the ancient oars, which predominated until the middle of the Middle Ages with the arrival of the Chinese axial rudder.