A Cercurus of Umbria, (200 BC), from a description on a Roman bas-relief. The rear part is clear, left free for loading, which continues in hold, including under the rowers. This vessel is rather heavy and slow, the swims comprising only one man per oar. The figurehead is a purely protective "rostrum".
A Cypriot Kerkouros. One immediately noticed the lightness of this ship, which was very useful for military refueling.
The Cercurus, also known as Kerkouros or Kerkyra in Greek, was actually of Cyprus origin, originating from the commercial city-state of Corcyra. It was a cargo ship operated solely by rowing, and it seems characterized by an absence of rowers at the rear, space left for loading, probably in amphorae, also stored if necessary in the hold. There is little information on this ship, cross-checking. The Kerkouros was also the name given to a fast Phoenician ship, which inspired the Cypriots, then the Greeks (Kerkyra). As a result, the Kerkouros dates back to 1400 BC. JC. It is undoubtedly the first merchant galley, a genre brought to its paroxysm by the Venetians and Genoese in the Middle Ages. Moreover, the term is also at the origin of Carrica, become in French Caraque, the famous ship of load and war of the XIII-XVIe centuries. The above Cercurus is a double-headed ship (like some liburns) from a bronze medal.