Athenian Triere

Athenian Triere

The Triere is the last classical heavy unit of the Antique fleets. Greek Invention, taken advantage of by Admiral Themistocles at the battle of Salamis, where she defeated the Persian fleet of Xerxes in 480 BC. J., the trire was simply to add a rower and a bench to the Dier, reaching 170 rowers. Scarcely larger and longer than the Dier, but a little heavier (about 80 to 85 tons), La Triere was considerably faster and devastating than the Dieres and especially the Pentecontor. Antique unit very famous, it has posed a real enigma to the historians who wondered how to manage the swimming with such a disposition of the rowers. Whether it is Napoleon III with the reconstruction and essay on the seine of an Athenian trire, which only reinforced the mystery, or more recent reconstructions, modern archeology gives its answer, supported by the Indices left by frescoes, paintings, mosaics, bas-reliefs, sculptures or texts, the trire demonstrates that it was quite manageable by playing along the length of the oars and the physical condition of the rowers, and relatively effective for the time.

Napoleon III was, as we know, passionate like most of his contemporaries of the Romantic period by the ancient civilizations. Continuing to intrigue the historians of the time, the trire was a veritable enigma which he helped to clarify his personal funds. His disappointing essays revealing few teachings, on the contrary, helped to obscure this mystery. The only ones to date to have attempted to be so faithful to the historical reality were John Morrison and John Coates, who in 1988 reconstituted the "Olympias", a Greek trireme of 500 BC.

The lessons learned from this empirical experience with Thor Eyerdhal deserve a complete dossier. Here is the unpublished report of this experiment signed John Morrison and published in issue 183 (June 1993) of the files of the archeology:

"At an international conference deliberately called" Advisory discussion "held in April 1983 at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, Dr. Coates and I proposed the proposed reconstruction of a triple Athenian V And the sixth century BC Following this conference, the "Trireme Trust" was created in Britain, which was later invited by the Hellenic navy to collaborate with it in order to construct a trireme grandeur nature according to the concepts we Developed.

This ship, launched in June 1987 in Piraeus and named "Olympias", was put into service after the technical tests to which it was submitted in August of the same year by the Navy and the trust acting in concert. Trials followed in 1988, 1990 and 1992. 1993 marks the tenth anniversary of the start of the project. It is planned to sail the Olympias in June on the Thames to participate in the Anglo-Greek celebration of the 2500th anniversary of the birth of democracy in Athens. The ship will draw the attention of scholars and the public of Western Europe. It is therefore appropriate to review the aims of its construction, to examine what it has accomplished, to evaluate what it represents today and to draw lessons from the teaching it has given us. Read more.