The medieval era devoted to the maritime scene the emergence of new techniques of construction and navigation, mainly from the North, with imports from the east (Arabs, and indirectly Chinese). This will result in a dialogue of several centuries between the Mediterranean and these various influences. On the one hand, there is the technical excellence of the Scandinavians, who will bring to the design of the ships a real empirical talent for hydrodynamics and construction with clinker, more solid.

On the other hand, in the Mediterranean, the work of the Byzantines, which took over the great fleets of galleys and took them to the Renaissance. Genoese and Venetians will become specialists, employing them for unexpected roles such as trade, siege or transport of troops. When the Arabs, who were "fallers" of the Byzantines later, they went to import the Chinese inventions (Compass, gunpowder, axial rudder ...) and revolutionized European navigation in their turn.

The galleys then began to begin a slow decline, which only occurred in the eighteenth century. Curiously the last battles of galleys will not take place in the Mediterranean, but in the Baltic Sea, between Swedes and Russians. The galleys had meaning only in closed seas. When oceanic navigation reaches the ultimate degree of perfection, the galleys definitely disappeared, their advantages no longer compensating for their heavy inconveniences.

The Middle Age also sees the heavy Corbitas, Roman era cargo ships, having a sort of offspring in the form of a marriage between this type of ship with heavy load and the excellent marine qualities of the Drakkars, which will give the Cog and the Nava, Then the Hulk, great reinforced nava, ancestor of the carrack. The Ships, like those depicted on innumerable coins or as a symbol, were undoubtedly the emblematic ships of Europeans of that period.

Navas, Cogs and Hulks will dominate the "Mar Antiqua" and spread throughout Europe from the year 800, taking us until the fifteenth century with the reign of the Carracks and Carwels of the great European explorers.

ancre Scandinavian :

  • Drakkar (Oseberg)
  • Snekkar
  • Karv
  • Langskips (Skeid, Busse, Sud)
  • Byrding
  • Knarr
  • Moras

ancre Latin Ships :

  • Byzantine Cargo
  • Byzantine Navy
  • Dromon
  • Liburna
  • Pamphilos
  • Khelandion
  • Ousiakos
  • Spanish Nau (Catalane)
  • Crusades Nava
  • Commercial Naval
  • Genoese Nava
  • Venitian Merchant Galley
  • Half-Galley (jean de Vienne)
  • Siege Galley (1st Crusade)
  • Santa Maria Carrack (Christophe colomb)
  • Caravel

ancre North European Ships :

ancre Eastern Medieval Ships :

  • Jalbaut
  • Annam Junk
  • Fou-Tchou Junk
  • Cantonese Junk
  • Hong-Tchou Junk
  • Kin-Tcheou Junk
  • Keying Junk
  • War Junk
  • Treasure ship (Zheng He, 1415)
  • Korean Turtle-boat (Geobukseon)
  • Patache of Macao
  • Patile of Mirlapore
  • Boutre
  • Kotia
  • Batil
  • Gayassa
  • Dhow
  • Batel
  • Mtepi