This period is often considered as an era of improvement of the line ships, and of the pre-eminence of the great European military and commercial empires. Civil ships are generally of modest dimensions, still engaged in cabotage, with an exceptional diversification of the forms resulting from the know-how of this nation of sailors who are the Dutch. All have artillery on board. Some of them in this area become real ships of war, like the Dutch Indiamans then English and French. It is also the confrontation of the great kingdoms of Europe, war on the sea being a component of a strategy that has become global.

The days of great explorations are not over, La Perouse and Cook are going to push back the limits of the rather incomplete maps of the South Pacific. English versus Dutch, then English and Dutch against French are the end of the eighteenth century of battles of large ships, derived from the galleon of the previous two centuries. Shipbuilding treaties tend to standardize buildings more than ever before. Brilliant engineers like Frederik af Chapman in England, are normators, cold typologists, who succeed to the superior brio of the sculptors of the previous century. The ship of the line rationalizes, loses its ornamentation in favor of the functionality, towards an evolution which tends to slow down until 1850. One can say that in this matter, these last great classical confrontations will take place not before the French Revolution , But in 1805 to Aboukir and Trafalgar.

Late galleys:

  • Late galleys (generic)
  • Patron Galley: The Dauphine
  • Royal Galley: The Real of France
  • Ceremonial Galley: The Bucintoro
  • Russian Galleys
  • Skampaveya
  • Russian half-galleys
  • Turumaa
  • Udenmaa
  • Pojammaa
  • Hemmemaa
  • Swedish galleys

Other Mediterranean ships:

  • Barbary Shebs
  • Xebec French: The Shark
  • Venetian Sciabecco
  • Xebec Squared: USS Bonhomme Richard
  • French Polacre
  • Tartane
  • Mediterranean Pinnace
  • Felucca (western)
  • Tchektirme
  • Skapho
  • Sacoleiva
  • Fauvette
  • Topo
  • Luzzu
  • Patache
  • Latin Allege

Arab-Indian ships:

  • Boutre
  • Djerme
  • Boom
  • Doni
  • Baghala
  • Dungyiah
  • Daou (Dhow)
  • Dinghy

Ships of the North:

  • Trade Pink
  • Three-masted cargo
  • Chat
  • Senau
  • Hagboat
  • Charge Frigate: HMS Bounty
  • Brick
  • Foncet
  • Ketch
  • Huker
  • Brigantine
  • Xebec / Half-Xebec (Baltic)
  • Shkoat 
  • Flambart


  • The bombard: La Salamandre
  • The bombard Galliot
  • The American frigate: USS Constitution (1797)
  • The light frigate: HMS Rose (1757)
  • The English Corvette: Endeavor and James Cook Expeditions
  • The French Corvette: The Astrolabe and expeditions of F.G de la Lapérouse
  • The Pram
  • The Corsair Brig
  • The war brig: HMS Sysmondiet
  • The Cutter: Aldebaran
  • Le corsair cutter: Surcouf
  • The 74 guns ship of the line: The Redoutable (1791)
  • The 80 gun ship of the line: The Superb

First Line Ships:

  • San Juan Nepomuceno
  • Santissima Madre
  • The Gladiator
  • The States of Burgundy
  • The East
  • Victory